The most common cause of a toothache is tooth decay , although a toothache may not be
present in the early stages of decay. Other reasons for a toothache might include:
An infection of or around the tooth (abscess ). A red, swollen, painful bump may be found near or on the side of the sore tooth. The tooth may especially hurt when you bite down.
A tooth that has not broken through the gum (impacted tooth). Gums may be red, swollen, and sore. The area around this tooth can ache, throb, and be quite painful.
Problems with or injury to the nerves in the center of the tooth (pulp), which can be caused by an injury to the face or from grinding or gnashing the teeth.
Sometimes a toothache can be caused by another health problem, such as:
A heart attack, cluster headache, or sinus infection, which can cause referred pain into the teeth or jaw.
Viral infections, such as shingles.
Diseases such as diabetes.
Nerve-related disease, such as trigeminal neuralgia.
Alcohol or drug abuse, especially methamphetamines.
Vitamin deficiencies, such as too little vitamin B12.
1. Clove Oil
Clove oil works to relieve pain and reduce the swelling that stems from the toothache. Clove oil is effective because it contains eugenol, a natural anesthetic. It acts as a temporary pain reliever. Soak up a few drops of clove oil in a cotton ball, then gently rub the cotton ball over the affected teeth and gums.
Clove oil may soothe your pain, but be aware that it doesn't have the most pleasant taste.
2. Salt Water Rinse
Try rinsing your mouth with warm salt water if you have a painful tooth and swollen gums. Simply add a couple of teaspoons of salt to a cup of warm water. Once you've swished the mixture around your mouth, spit it out.
Note that a study published in the Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry concludes that a salt water rinse can also help control plaque collection on teeth and prevent oral diseases.
3. Hydrogen Peroxide Rinse
Like salt water, a hydrogen peroxide rinse can relieve pain and swelling in the mouth. In addition, it can help kill bacteria, reduce plaque and heal bleeding gums. A study published in the Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistrydemonstrates that using hydrogen peroxide as a mouthwash may reduce gingivitis.
Before you use this rinse, make sure to correctly prepare the solution. Mix 3 percent hydrogen peroxide with equal parts water. Swish it around your mouth, but don't swallow it.
4. Peppermint Oil
Peppermint oil in has been used historically to treat toothaches, according to the Arabian Journal of Chemistry. This essential oil has antibacterial properties that may reduce tooth pain, making it a popular choice for those seeking short-term toothache relief until dental help is available. Use a cotton ball to apply a few drops of oil to the affected area.
Remember that tooth pain home remedies only provide temporary pain relief. Always consult your dentist if you're suffering from tooth pain, as they will be able to conduct a thorough dental examination to discover the root of the problem and find a solution.